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IP ratings defined

IP Ratings

Often when looking at various LED products, you will see will usually see references made to IP ratings.

All items can be classed with an IP rating. Quite simply, the first numeral denotes the level of protection against dust/solids, and the second number denotes the level of protection against liquids. For interior use, generally IP20 is sufficient assuming it is in a dry area with little to no serious humidity. Garden lighting for example bollards and bricklights generally need at minimum a rating of IP33. If you're not sure, please feel free to email us do discuss your needs. 

1st numeral:

  1. Protection against solid object larger than 50mm,
  2. Objects larger than 12mm.
  3. Objects larger than 2.5mm.
  4. Objects larger than 1mm.
  5. Protection against dust but not entirely prevented. 
  6. No ingress of dust.

2nd numeral:

  1. Protection of dropping water.
  2. Drops of water when the object is tilted by 15 deg from normal position
  3. Spraying water at up to 60 deg from vertical.
  4. Splashing and spraying water from any direction.
  5. Water jet from any direction at low pressure.
  6. Strong water jet from any direction.
  7. Water immersed to 1 metre.
  8. Water immersed to a specified depth.
Degree of protection 1st digit:
protection against foreign bodies
Degree of protection 2nd digit:
protection against water
Abbreviation  
examples
Type of protection
Foreign bodies larger than 12mm   IP20 Covered
Foreign bodies larger than 12mm Vertical dripping water IP21 Drip proof
Foreign bodies larger than 12mm Spray water at an angle up to 60 degree IP23 Spray proof
Foreign bodies larger than 1mm   IP40 Covered
Foreign bodies larger than 1mm Splash water from any direction IP44 Splash proof
Ingress of dust, not prevented entirely   IP50 Dust proof
Ingress of dust, not prevented entirely Spray water at an angle up to 60 degree IP53 Dust and rain proof
Ingress of dust, not prevented entirely Splash water from any direction IP54 Dust and splash proof
No ingress of dust Splash water from any direction IP65 Protected against dust and water jet
No ingress of dust Against ingress of water immersed IP67 Dust and water proof


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